How to choose a microwave oven

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A microwave oven is an electrical appliance created for cooking, heating and defrosting food. A microwave can be found in almost every kitchen. Despite the simplicity of the device, the decision of such a technique ought to be treated responsibly, having previously studied the main parameters.

Installation type

Built-in microwave oven . Fits right into a kitchen unit, maintaining the unity of the style of the room.
Freestanding. Can be positioned on brackets, table, shelf or in one of the drawers.
Internal volume of the chamber

The chamber volume can be from 17 to 42 liters, depending on model. Spacious microwave ovens are ideal for a large family. Compact microwave ovens can simply deal with heating food, making hot sandwiches or defrosting convenience foods.

microwave oven
Power

This parameter determines the speed of defrosting and cooking. Depending on the task, the microwave should just work at a certain power. To keep food warm, 100?150 W is enough, and 900 W for defrosting. To get ready a full meal, the power must be around 1400 watts. Most modern models have a wattage from 700 to 1000 watts.

When purchasing a microwave oven, it is necessary to take into account the state of the electrical wiring, since powerful models can make additional load on the network.

Internal coating

Frequently, the inner surface of the microwave is covered with one of three types of material:

Enamel coating. These microwave ovens are reliable, durable, inexpensive, and easy to clean. However, along the way of work, cracks and chips may appear.
Stainless steel cover. It really is seen as a resistance to high temperatures, good deal. The disadvantages include the difficulty in cleaning, since you can find traces of drops and fingers on the metal.
Bioceramic coating. Economical, durable material that is easy to clean and reduces energy costs. Whenever using such a microwave, you need to be careful, as bioceramics are quite fragile.
Control

There are two forms of microwave control: mechanical and electronic.

Mechanical control is provided by rotary switches, most often used in inexpensive models. They are characterized by low cost, ease of management, low possibility of damage.

Electronic control is of three types:

Keypad. Has an attractive design and the capability to change programs. Requires frequent cleaning, as dirt quickly accumulates round the buttons.
Touchpad. An easy task to maintain and use, however, sensor elements are inclined to breakage and are expensive.
Rotary pushbutton panel. The easiest & most proven option. The disadvantages include the inability to set the exact cooking time.
Grill function

For lovers of dishes with a "golden crust", microwave ovens with a grill are provided. They're of three types:

microwave oven
Heating element grill. The heating element (tubular electric heater) may be the simplest, most inexpensive type of grill, it usually is rotated, providing heating from the medial side and from the most notable. It retains heat for a long period, bakes food well. At the same time, it is difficult to clean and requires a great deal of energy.
Quartz grill is a tubular quartz electric heater located behind a metal grate in top of the portion of the stove. Economical, heats up and cooks quickly. Dishes cooked on such a grill taste good. A quartz lamp gets dirty quickly and is difficult to clean.
Infrared grill. Best for crispy dishes. Usually, there are several cooking modes in which dishes are prepared quickly, easily, tasty. The infrared grill can be used separately from the oven.
Microwaves with convection .

Such microwave ovens, food is cooked no worse than in ovens. Food positioned on a spit or wire rack is treated with a stream of hot air. Convection is a useful feature for lovers of baked goods and baked meat.

Reheating and defrosting

These are the most famous microwave functions used by consumers. In the microwave, you can defrost meat, fish, vegetables, berries, and in addition reheat a previously prepared dish.

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As well as the basic functions, there are many of additional ones:

a double boiler (for preparing diet meals);
auto-cooking (built-in modes);
automatic weighing;
the program "My recipes";
quick start (heating food at maximum power in a short while);
function of double radiation (for uniform heating of dishes);
odor elimination mode;
self-cleaning (steam cleaning mode);
child lock;
step-by-step cooking function.
Dishes

Whenever choosing dishes for a microwave oven, you must pay attention to its thermal stability and fire resistance. Porcelain, ceramic, thermoplastic and glassware are ideal for conventional ovens. For microwave ovens with grill and convection, fireproof materials are needed.

In addition, cymbals should be free of any metal or gilding.

When shopping for a microwave oven, remember two rules:

It is forbidden to use metal, crystal, melamine dishes;
It is allowed to use products made of ceramics, porcelain, plastic, fabric, glass.
Benefits of microwaves

The microwave oven has long become a reliable assistant in the kitchen, cooking with it has the following advantages:

Heating and defrosting functions;
The ability to cook a complete meal;
Insufficient grease, odor, soot;
When cooking without oil, food does not burn;
Economical power consumption.